Xiangtan University is a national key comprehensive university founded in 1958. It is among the first universities which were authorized by National Education Ministry to accord master¡¯s degree in China and to enroll international students and national defense students in HunanProvince. With 20 colleges and departments and a wide range of 9 disciplines, Xiangtan University now has 72 specialties for Bachelor's Degree Candidates, 115 specialties for Master's Degree Candidates, 4 specialties for Professional Master¡¯s Degree Candidates, 17 specialties for Doctoral Degree Candidates and 2 postdoctoral exchange centers. It has 8 key disciplines under ¡°the Tenth Five-Year Plan¡± of HunanProvince and more than 60 research institutions, such as ministerial research base of humanities and social science, ministerial key laboratories, ministerial engineering research center, provincial key laboratories etc.. More than 34,000 students are studying here.
The campus covers an area of 160 hectares with the buildings over 800,000 sq/.ms.. There are 1327 full time teachers and research personnel working at Xiangtan University, including more than 700 professors and associate professors. Among them 5 have special retained professor posts on Lotus Scholar Plan in HunanProvince and 39 enjoyspecial allowance awarded by the State Council. In recent years Xiangtan University has undertaken a large number of national research programs such as ¡°863¡±and ¡°973¡±projects, projects financed by National Fund of Natural Science and National Science of Liberal Arts, and other ministerial and provincial key Projects as well.
Accompanied by the frequent communications with foreign countries, international exchanges and cooperations are growing rapidly. At present, the university has established partner relationships with over 30 universities in more than 20 countries of Asia, Europe, America and so on.
It is located in the cradle of Hu-xiang Culture¡ª¡ªXiangtan, Which is an ancient city and lies in the central-east of Hunan Province. Its landform belongs to the hilly area under semitropical monsoon humid climate with a yearly average temperature of 17 centigrade and average rainfall of 1,300 mm. The highest place reaches 802m and the lowest 33.6m above the sea level. XiangjiangRiver runs across Xiangtan from south to north.Lying to the north of the city is the beautiful Dongting Lake and Yueyang Tower¡ª¡ªa historical and cultural scenic spot£¬and another Yuelu Academy¡ª¡ªone of four oldest and most famous academies of Song Dynasty. Standing to the south is the magnificent Nanyue Hengshan Mountain£¬one of five well-known high mountains and one of great centers of Buddhism in China. In the west is Shaoshan, hometown of Mao Zedong, and Zhangjiajie ¡ª¡ªthe world-known national forest park. In the east is the most important city of central southern China¡ª¡ªZhuzhou, which is a hub of communication. Furthermore, Xiangtan University is conveniently located next to the expressway that straight leads to ChangshaHuanghuaInternationalAirport.
Xiangtan is a remarkable place producing outstanding people, such as Hu Anguo, Hu Hong, Liu Qi, Zeng Guofan, Zuo Zongtang, Wang Kaiyun, Yang Du, Mao Zedong, Peng Dehuai, Qi Baishi, Li Jinxi, Huang Gonglue, Chen Geng, Tan Zheng, and Zhou Xiaozhou etc who changed Chinese modern history. The Research of Mao Zedong's Ideology and that of Hu-xiang excellent persons in the university have their specialties, and the university culture has its own heritage.