Called Chang’an in ancient times, Xi’an served as the capital of 13 dynasties. Now it is known as one of the four civilized ancient capitalswith Athens, Cairo,
and Rome.

Xi’an is located in the Guan Zhong Basin in the middle reaches of the Yellow River basin in the hinterland of China. Geographically, it is high in the southern region and low in the northern.  The Qinling Mountains, the dividing marker between North and South China, lie to the south ofthe city with a ridge ranging from 2,000-3,200 meters above sea level. Xi’an experiences a monsoon
climate in a warm temperature zone with clearly defined four seasons, and moderate rainfall. The golden seasons for traveling in Xi’an are the warm, blossomy spring from March to May and the cool autumn from September to November.

As the capital city of Shaanxi Province with a population of 7 million, Xi’an is a main industry base of Northwest China, among whose most important industrial concerns are machinery, electrical equipment, TV, aviation and light industry. There are more than 500 scientific research institutions and about 100 colleges and universities. At present, Xi’anhas already become a modern international metropolis with thriving economy, scenic environment, and civilized social order.

 

Scenic Spots and Historical Sites

Xi’an is reputed as the “Natural Historical Museum” of ancient Chinese society.
 As a famous tourism city in China, there are the best preserved,most
magnificent city wall
the amazing Terra-Cotta Warriors & Soldiers(one of the world eight wonders)tourism attraction Huaqing Hot Spring leaning on the Lishan Mountain and facing the Wei River; the Forest of  Stone Tablets Museum with the largest collection of inscribed steles, the Big Wild Goose Pagoda which is one of the city’s most distinctive landmarks; the Banpo Museum with a history about 6,000 years and the Bell Tower with great historical and artistic value.

Local Snacks and Folk Crafts

Being noted as a world historical and cultural city and ancient capital, Xi’an is
also well-known for its local snacks and folk crafts. The beef and mutton soup with bread is a traditional Muslim food in Xi’an. The osmanthus flower rice wine
 is sweet and fragrant. There are also delicious Xi’an style hamburger, cool rice noodle in many flavors, tasty Jia San Baozi dumpling
with hot soup inside and Qi Shan noodle served with soup of special local favor. The folk arts in Xi’an are rich and colorful. The popular entertainment activities in Xi’an are village theatrical performance given on festivals,
shadow play, puppet play, ancient musical instrument performance and fireworks. Handicrafts such as paper cutting, festival lantern, broidery, and printed clothing, and the folk sculpture, clay toys, masks in opera,
woodcut and farmer’s painting are also popular in Xi’an.